Eur. J. Entomol. 105 (1): 59-64, 2008 | 10.14411/eje.2008.008

Cytogeography of three parallel Robertsonian polymorphisms in the water-hyacinth grasshopper, Cornops aquaticum (Orthoptera: Acrididae)

Pablo César COLOMBO
Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, (1428) Ciudad Universitaria, Buenos Aires, Argentina; e-mail: colombop@ege.fcen.uba.ar

C. aquaticum (Acrididae: Leptysminae) inhabits water-hyacinths in the Neotropical region. The blue-flowered water-hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes, has been introduced elsewhere without its natural enemies and has become a weed; recently C. aquaticum was considered as a possible biological control agent. In this work, six populations were sampled and cytologically studied. C. aquaticum has 2n = 23 chromosomes in males and 24 in females, with an X0/XX sex determination system. All chromosomes are acro-telocentric and the basic karyotype includes three Robertsonian (Rb) translocations between pairs 1/6, 2/5, and 3/4. These polymorphisms are restricted to the lower course of the Paraná river, between Rosario and Buenos Aires. Fusion frequencies increase southwards, thus showing a geographical cline. The polymorphisms mostly accord with Hardy-Weinberg and gametic phase equilibria. The rearrangements cause a drastic chiasma repatterning in the fusion bivalents (or trivalents) which reduces the proximal chiasma frequency. Recombination is also reduced due to the loss of independent segregation. A recombination index that takes into account both these factors correlates negatively with the number of pairs of chromosomes affected by fusions among populations, which does not accord with the "central-marginal" pattern.

Keywords: Acrididae, Cornops aquaticum, Robertsonian translocations, recombination, chromosomal cline

Received: June 14, 2007; Accepted: August 17, 2007; Published: February 15, 2008

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