Eur. J. Entomol. 99 (1): 111-116, 2002 | DOI: 10.14411/eje.2002.019

Raphogla rubra gen. n., sp. n., the oldest representative of the clade of modern Ensifera (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidea, Gryllidea)

Olivier BETHOUX1,2, André NEL1, Jean LAPEYRIE3, Georges GAND4, Jean GALTIER1
1 Laboratoire d'Entomologie, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 45 rue Buffon, F-75005 Paris, France; e-mail: anel@mnhn.fr
2 Botanique et Bioinformatique de l'Architecture des Plantes, UMR 5120 CNRS, Case courrier 062, Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution, Université de Montpellier II, place Eugene Battaillon, F-34095 Montpellier cedex 05, France; e-mail: bethoux@cirad.fr; jean.galtier@cirad.fr
3 Corniche de Fontbonne, F-34700 Lodeve, France; e-mail: jlapeyri@club-internet.fr
4 Centre des Sciences de la Terre, UMR 5561 CNRS,Université de Bourgogne, 6 boulevard Gabriel, F-21000 Dijon; e-mails: umr5561@satie.u-bourgogne.fr or georges.gand@wanadoo.fr

Raphogla rubra gen. n., sp. n., oldest representative of the (Tettigoniidea & Gryllidea) is described from the Upper Permian of the Lodève basin (France). Its phylogenetic relationships within the Ensifera are discussed. The new taxon occupies a very basal position, probably as sister group of the whole group (Tettigoniidea & Gryllidea).

Keywords: Insecta, Orthoptera, Ensifera, Tettigoniidea, Gryllidea, Hagloidea, Raphoglidae fam. nov., Upper Permian, France, phylogenetic significance

Received: January 12, 2001; Accepted: August 31, 2001; Published: March 15, 2002

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